The Basics of Roullete


Roullete is a casino game in which a small ball is spun around a numbered wheel and, depending on where it stops, the player either wins or loses. There are many ways to place a wager, such as selecting a single number, various groupings of numbers, the color red or black, or whether it is odd or even. There are also bets based on the high or low range of numbers (19-36 or 1-18).

The roulette wheel consists of a solid wooden disk slightly convex in shape with a metal rim. Around the rim are 36 compartments painted alternately red and black, numbered nonconsecutively from 1 to 36. A 37th compartment, which is painted green, carries the sign 0. On European-style wheels, there is also a second green compartment on the opposite side of the wheel that carries the sign 00. A croupier spins the wheel with the aid of a long lever. The cylinder that contains the balls is attached to the lever and, when the wheel is spinning, a small ball is dropped into one of the compartments where it is trapped by a magnetic brake.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, roulette became very popular in France and made its way up the Mississippi to New Orleans and into the American West. By the early 19th century, cheating and fraud were so widespread that a standard wheel was developed and the table was redesigned to prevent devices from being hidden in the machine. This led to the American version of the game that is still played today in casinos and gambling dens throughout the United States, although it has a lower house edge than the French version.

Before betting, a player must establish a unit size based on his or her available bankroll and decide how much to risk per round. A good strategy is to bet small amounts initially and increase the stakes only after gaining some experience and confidence with the game. This allows players to maximize their potential for winning while minimizing the risk of losing all of their money in one round.

When playing at an online casino, it is best to play European roulette given the lower house edge. If an option for French roulette with an additional rule for zero wins is available, it should be chosen as this will further reduce the house edge.

Announced bets are special betting combinations most commonly featured in French roulette though often present in online European Roulette variants as well. These bets are not an optional feature and must be incorporated into the player’s roulette strategy to reap their full rewards. An example is the 5-number bet known as the ‘neighbours’, which covers a specific number and 2 neighbouring numbers on each side. This bet pays 392 chips if it wins. The other announced bets, however, do not pay out and are lost if the wheel comes up with a zero.